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Aviation Glossary :: Transformer  Aviation Glossary :: Transformer FAA Written Test Preparation
Aviation Glossary Welcome to the Dauntless Aviation Glossary!

At Dauntless, our editorial staff maintains the web's largest unified glossary of aviation terms. This glossary is built from a combination of official, quasi-official, and proprietary sources (including original material that we develop oursselves). Uniquely, we often provide multiple definitions of a given term so that you can find that which best applies to you. In order to maximize your learning efficiency, this glossary (and similar ones for our international users) is incresingly fully integrated into our aviation learning apps, including our FAA written test prep and FAA practical test prep software and apps. If you like this glossary, you'll love them with their polished learning environments and world's best and clearest content (please do give them a try.).

Transformer
Transformer
An inductive electrical device for changing the voltage of alternating current.

A transformer consists of two magnetically coupled coils. Alternating current in one (called the "primary") creates a changing magnetic field which induces a current in the second coil (the "secondary"). A core made of iron or ferrite generally connects the two coils, but higher frequency devices can work without a ferrous core.

Transformers have two primary functions: Voltage transformation and isolation:

  • The voltage of the secondary can be higher or lower than the voltage that drives the primary and is determined by the ratio of turns of wire in the two coils.
  • Isolation refers to the fact that the coils are connected only by a magnetic field, so they can be independent of a common ground.

Primary applications are for power and for signal isolation / impedance transformation.

An autotransformer is a transformer with a single coil with intermediate "taps" to effect the changed outgoing voltages. They do not provide isolation.

Transformer capacity is rated in kilovolt-amps (KVA): The volts x amps / 1000.

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source: Electrical Engineering Glossary

a device for raising or lowering AC voltage.
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source: FAA Acceptable Methods - Aircraft Inspection and Repair (AC 43.13-1B)

A device that changes electrical energy of a given voltage into electrical energy at a different voltage level. It consists of two coils that are not electrically connected, but arranged so that the magnetic field surrounding one coil cuts through the other coil.
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source: FAA Aviation Maintenance Technician General Handbook (FAA-H-8083-30)

An electrical component used to change the voltage and current in an AC circuit.
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source: FAA Aviation Maintenance Technician Powerplant Handbook (FAA-H-8083-32)


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Disclaimer: While this glossary in most cases is likely to be highly accurate and useful, sometimes, for any number of editorial, transcription, technical, and other reasons, it might not be. Additionally, as somtimes you may have found yourself brought to this page through an automated term matching system, you may find definitions here that do not match the cotext or application in which you saw the original term. Please use your good judgement when using this resource.


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